Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Sexually transmitted infections are spread during vaginal, oral, or anal sex with someone who has the disease.
- Chlamydia or NGU
- Hepatitis B*
- HPV/Genital Warts
- Trichomoniasis (Trich) or NGU**
*These diseases are also spread by sharing needles and contact with infected blood
** spread during vaginal sex
Symptoms to Watch for:
Many people have STDs without symptoms, but noticeable symptoms are:
- An unusual discharge or smell from your vagina
- Pain in your pelvic area – (the area between your belly button and sex organs)
- Burning or itching around your vagina
- Bleeding from your vagina that is not your regular period
- Pain deep inside your vagina when you have sex
- A drip or discharge from your penis
In Women and Men:
- Sores, bumps or blisters near your sex organs, rectum or mouth
- Burning and pain when you urinate or have a bowel movement
- Need to urinate often
- Itching around your sex organs
- A swelling or redness in your throat
- Flu-like feelings with fever, chills and aches
- Swelling in your groin (the area around your sex organs)
How to Protect Yourself:
Stay Safe – not having sex is safest; having sex with only one uninfected partner who only has sex with you is also safe.
If You Have Sex:
- Use latex condoms with a water-based lubricant EVERY time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex. Condoms will protect you from STDs most of the time.
- Use plastic (polyurethane) condoms if you’re allergic to latex. These come in both male and female styles.
- Talk to your partner about past sex partners and needle drug use. Don’t have sex with someone who you think may have an STD.
- Look closely at your partner for any signs of STDs– a rash, a sore or discharge. If you see anything you’re worried about don’t have sex.
- Get checked for STDs regularly
- Vaccines can help protect you against hepatitis B and some types of HPV
- Know the signs and symptoms of STDs
If You Have An STD:
- Tell your sex partner(s)
- Wait to have sex